SOC 1,2,3 Attest Reports & ISO/IEC 27xxx Audits

  • CSA Cloud STAR Empanelled Auditors
  • C5 Cloud Controls with SOC 2 Report
  • Colorado Licensed CPA Firm
  • PCAOB Registered Auditors
  • ISO/IEC 27xxx Audits

Outsourcing in on the rise despite increasing cybersecurity and privacy breaches. In today’s challenging world of Blockchain, AI, IoT, and Cloud, we need to be a step ahead of your competitors. Think of the AICPA SOC report, also known as the SSAE 18, SOC compliance report as your company’s “Security Best Practices”. You need to demonstrate a level of confidence that your organization can mange your clients’ most confidential and valuable information, have the procedures and controls in place to provide the required assurance. SOC now stands for "System and Organization Controls" formerly known as "Service Organization Controls". SSAE 18 (formerly SSAE 16), SOC compliance reports are often used for Vendor Risk Management and for SOX compliance such as SOX 404. SOC 2 Type 2 or SOC 1 Type 2 attest or examination reports are sometime referred to SOC Certification by clients. SOC 1 Type 2 and SOC 2 Type 2 reports provides the much needed assurance on operative effectiveness of third-party controls. In comparison to ISO/IEC 27xxx certification audit, the SOC report provides a details of the applicable controls Vs an ISO 27xxx certificate that has no details of controls.

Data Security & Privacy are increasing concerns for many organizations. This is especially important in cases where data is regulated or sensitive as in case of compliance requirements for HIPAA, PCI, CCPA, GDPR, etc. Cloud environments are adding to the complexity of the issue. Privacy laws are being enforced that lead to heavy fines or penalties. SSAE 18 (formerly SSAE 16), SOC 2 compliance audits are now commonly used for Cloud Data Security & Privacy controls such as the CSA's Cloud Control Matrix (latest CCM 4) that also covers some GDPR controls. Our SOC 2 Type 2 for cloud security compliance or attest reports can also cover the C5 cloud standard. A SOC 2 compliance for privacy covers the TSC-Trust Services Criteria 2017 Privacy Points of Focus (Control Objectives) or any other specific privacy compliance requirements or mandate. The Trust Services Privacy Category were formerly known as the Generally Accepted Privacy Principles(GAPP) by AICPA. The GAPP was updated to the Privacy Management Framework by AICPA in 2020. In comparison the ISO/IEC 27xxx now has the 27701 or the PIMS.


Earlier known as SAS 70 reports, then SSAE 16 and now SSAE 18, these SOC compliance reports are being used for several years for internal controls, security, processing integrity and SOX compliance. The SSAE 18 Auditor or SOC Auditor is also known as a "Service Auditor". The SOC 1 compliance report mirrors the ISAE 3402 and SOC 2 compliance report mirrors ISAE 3000. The SSAE 18, SOC Auditor can issue a joint SOC and ISAE report. SSAE stands for Statement on Standards for Attest Engagements. SSAE 18 is the new standard for all SOC reports. In fact all SSAE including SSAE 16 got merged in the SSAE 18 standard. So we cannot compare SSAE 16 vs SSAE 18. A SOC compliance report is technically an "Attest Report". The "SOC Certification Audit" is a " SSAE 18 SOC Attest Report", SOC 1 Type 1 or Type 2 or SOC 2 Type 1or Type 2 for a vendor or third-party or SOX compliance. A Type 2 compliance report is valid for minimum 6 months to a maximum of 12 months. For the misisng period, a SOC Bridge Letter for SOC Type 2 may be issued by the Service Organization. A SOC report is issued at least every 12 months vs an ISO/IEC 27xxx Certificate that is issued for 3 years subject to annual survelliance audit.

A SOC 1 compliance report is mainly used for ICFR (Internal Controls over Financial Reporting) in other words for financial data reporting under AT-C 320. A SOC 2 Type 2 compliance is mainly used for nonfinancial data reporting. SOC 2 Type 2 compliance uses the TSC as Points of Focus under AT-C 205 (formerly under AT 101). The TSP 100, TSC 2017 is aligned with the COSO Risk Framework and covers 5 criteria namely Security (or Common Criteria), Availability, Confidentiality, Processing Integrity, and Privacy. A SOC 2 Type 2 or SOC 1 Type 2 compliance report provides assurance on the controls if operated effectively in an environment based on the Description of Controls(System Description). A SOC 2 Type 1 or SOC 1 Type 1 compliance report provides for controls implemented at a point in time (as on a specific date). SOC 1 vs SOC 2 audit is mainly differs on financial or nonfinancial data. A SOC Type 1 report refers to a point in time and a Type 2 report refers to the operating effectivenss over a period of time. The Trust Services Privacy Category were formerly known as the Generally Accepted Privacy Principles(GAPP) by AICPA. In comparison the ISO/IEC 27xxx certification audit is based on the entity's ISMS and does not have such distinction for data. ISO/IEC manages Privacy with 27701.

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